Dr. Haddon showed me this figure in August, 1904. He obtained it in Chicago in 1901 from two old Navaho men, and has published a description of it (5, p. 222, pl. xv, Fig. 3). I also saw it done by the two Navaho girls who taught me other Navaho figures. It is called Son-tlani by the Navahos. Mr. Stewart Culin has preserved two examples of this pattern in the Philadelphia Free Museum of Science and Art, one (22731) from Isleta, New Mexico; the other (22714) from St. Michael’s Mission, Arizona.
String Figure Notation (SFN)
T mo S pu nLS
M mo FN pu bfTS:re T
T mo-th FN pu-pt fLS:re L
T mo FN pu MN
F mo-pu tTN:T pu tnFS
On the completion of this figure, you will want to have the string again as a single loop, but unless you are careful it will get very much tangled. The way to prevent this is as follows: Place the completed figure on your lap, and draw apart the straight strings which form the top and bottom of the figure; then the string will pull out into a single loop. This is true for practically all string figures.
I have put "Many Stars" as the frrst of a series of ten Navaho figures, which are all done in much the same way, but come out in characteristic patterns in the end. They all start with Opening A, or a modification of it; after that, however, some go on as "Many Stars," but end differently; others have a few new movements and then end with some from "Many Stars," while others begin and end as "Many Stars," but have different intermediate movements.
"Many Stars" exhibits several movements which are unlike any we have hitherto studied. The Fifth, which appears to be a movement peculiar to these Navaho hgures, is a clever way of putting the middle finger loop around the thumb and index and turning it over in the transfer.
The result of the Sixth movement is interesting, because when the lower loop on each thumb and on each index is slipped over the upper loop and off the finger, it cannot run down the upper loop toward the centre of the figure in the form of a noose or ring, for the upper loop is a loop common to both thumb and index, hence the two loops are merely strung on the string of this thumb-index loop which passes from the back of the thumb to the back of the index. The Seventh movement is very characteristic of the Navaho figures; it may occur in the middle of the figure, or more than once in the same figure.